**National Defence Academy Examination (NDA) ****राष्ट्रीय संरक्षण प्रबोधिनी परीक्षा (एन. डी. ए.)**

**व**

**Naval Academy Examination (NAE) ****नेवल अकादमी परीक्षा (एन. ए. ई.)**

**National Defence Academy Examination (NDA) ****राष्ट्रीय संरक्षण प्रबोधिनी परीक्षा (एन. डी. ए.) व ****Naval Academy Examination (NAE) ****नेवल अकादमी परीक्षा (एन. ए. ई.)** परीक्षेच्या माध्यमातून लष्कर, नौदल आणि वायुसेनेत उमेदवारांची भरती होते, सदर परीक्षेचे वर्षातून दोन वेळेस सामान्यत: एप्रिल आणि सप्टेंबर महिन्यांमध्ये आयोजन करण्यात येते. एन.डी.एची. परीक्षा केंद्रीय लोकसेवाद्वारे (यू.पी.एस.सी.) घेतली जाते. उमेदवार अविवाहित पुरुष असणे आवश्यक आहे. इंडियन नेव्हल अकॅडमीमध्ये प्रवेश करणाऱ्या उमेदवारांना ४ वर्षाचा बी.टेक अभ्यासक्रम असेल आणि कार्यकारी आणि तांत्रिक शाखांमध्ये सामील होण्यासाठी संधी दिली जाते रिक्त पदांसाठी उपलब्ध असलेल्या नौसेनाच्या शाखा

**व्यक्तिगत पात्रता**

उमेदवार हा भारताचा नागरिक असावा.

- नेपाल, भूतान चे नागरिक तसेच १ जानेवारी १९६२ आधी भारतात स्थलांतरित झालेले तिबेट चे आश्रित, व मुल भारतीय असलेले परंतु इथोपिया, केनिया, मलावी, म्यानमार, पाकिस्तान, श्रीलंका, टांझानिया, युगांडा, व्हिएतनाम, झायरे व झांबिया या देशातून भारतात कायमस्वरूपी स्थलांतरित झालेले नागरिक.

**शैक्षणिक पात्रता**

- Army

12th Class pass ofthe 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted

by a State Education Board or a University.

- Air Force and Naval and 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme at the Indian Naval Academy

12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equilvalent with Physics and Mathematics conducted by a State Education Board or a University.

**वयोमर्यादा**** **(जाहिरातीत नमूद केलेल्या तारखेच्या अनुशंघाने)

१६ वर्षे ६ महिने ते १९ वर्षे ६ महिने

**परीक्षेचे स्वरूप**

परीक्षेचे टप्पे (दोन)

१. लेखी परीक्षा (९०० गुण )

Paper I Mathematics (300 Marks)

Paper II English (600 Marks)

२. मुलाखत (९०० गुण )

SSB Interview (900 Marks)

**अभ्यासक्रम**

**Mathematics**

- Trigonometry,
- Differential Calculus
- Algebra
- Integral Calculus & Differential equations
- Logarithms and their applications
- Statistics
- Probability
- Vector Algebra

**English**

- Grammar and usage
- Vocabulary
- Comprehension

**General Knowledge**

- Physics, Chemistry
- General Science
- History
- Geography
- Current Events.

**Detailed Syllabus**

**Paper I Mathematics (300 Marks)**

- Algebra

Concept of a set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams. De Morgan laws. Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation.

Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers – basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear in equations of two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its application. Logarithms and their applications.

2.Matrices and Determinants

Types of matrices, operations on matrices Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinant. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications – Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramers rule and by Matrix Method.

3.Trigonometry

Angles and their measures in degrees and in radiant. Trigonometrical ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications – Height and distance, properties of triangles.

4.Analytical Geometry of two and three dimensions

Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. Angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic.

Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. Angle between two lines and angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.

5.Differential Calculus

Concept of a real valued function – domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits – examples. Continuity of functions – examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of a function at a point, geometrical and physical interpreatation of a

derivative – applications. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect of another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minim.

6.Integral Calculus and Differential equations

Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals – determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves – applications. Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equation, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types – examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.

7. Vector Algebra

Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of vector, scalar product or dot product of two-vectors. Vector product and cross product of two vectors. Applications-work done by a force and moment of a force, and in geometrical problems.

8.Statistics and Probability

*Statistics*Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution – examples Graphical representation – Histogram, Pie Chart, Frequency Polygon – examples. Measures of Central tendency – mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation – determination and comparison. Correlation and regression. *Probability *Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability – classical and statistical – examples. Elementary theorems on probability – simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes theorem – simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Bi nominal distribution.

**Paper II English (600 Marks)**

**ENGLISH **

The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidates understanding of English and workman like use of words. The syllabus covers various aspects like Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidates proficiency in English.

**GENERAL KNOWLEDGE**

The question paper on General Knowledge will broadly cover the subjects Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events. The syllabus given below is designed to indicate the scope of these subjects included in this paper. The topics mentioned are not to be regarded as exhaustive and questions on topics of similar nature not specifically mentioned in the syllabus may also be asked. Candidates answers are expected to show their knowledge and intelligent understanding of the subject.

**Section A (Physics)**

- Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer.
- Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newtons Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy.
- Effects of Heat, Measurement of temperature and heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat.Effect
- Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments.
- Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses. Human Eye.
- Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet.
- Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohms Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects ofCurrent, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells,

Use of X-Rays. - General Principles in the working of the following
- Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs,Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariners Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses.

**Section B (Chemistry)**

- Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds,Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water.
- Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction.
- Acids, bases and salts.
- Carbon – different forms.
- Fertilizers – Natural and Artificial
- Material used in the preparation of substances like soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gun-Powder.
- out the Structure of Atom, Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.Elementary ideas ab

**Section C (General Science)**

- Difference between the living and non- living.
- Basis of Life – Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues.
- Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals.
- Elementary knowledge of human Body and its important organs.
- Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention.
- Food – Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet.
- The Solar System – Meteors and Comets, Eclipses.
- Achievements of Eminent Scientists.

**Section D (History, Freedom Movement etc.)**

- A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation.
- Freedom Movement in India.
- Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration.
- Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India.
- Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development.
- Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.
- Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy. Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.

**Section E (Geography)**

- The Earth, its shape and size. L attitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects.
- Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering – Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and volcanoes.
- Ocean Currents and Tides
- Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure,Planetary Winds, cyclones and Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate. Major Natural regions of the World.
- Regional Geography of India- Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and industrial activities.
- Important Seaports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.

**Section F (Current Events)**

- Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years.
- Current important world events.
- Prominent personalities – both Indian and International including those
- connected with cultural activities and sports.

**SSB Interview (900 Marks)**

- The SSB procedure consists of two stage Selection process – stage I and stage II. Only those candidates who clear the stage I are permitted to appear for stage II.
- Stage I comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests are Picture Perception * Description Test (PP&DT). The candidates will be shortlisted based on combination of performance in OIR Test and PP&DT.
- Stage II Comprises of Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the Conference. These tests are conducted over 4 days. The details of these tests are given on the website www.joinindianarmy.nic.in.
- The personality of a candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz. The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the Psychologist. There are no separate weightage for each test. The mks are 22 allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in all the test. In addition, marks for Conference are also allotted based on the initial performance of the Candidate in the three techniques and decision of the Board. All these have equal weightage.
- The various tests of IO, GTO and Psych are designed to bring out the presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and their train ability in a candidate. Accordingly candidates are Recommended or Not Recommended at the SSB